- Title: Westerbork Entrance Gate 0002
The Westerbork transit camp was a World War II Nazi refugee, detention and transit camp in Hooghalen, ten kilometres (6.2 miles) north of Westerbork, in the northeastern Netherlands. Its function during the WWII was to assemble Romani and Dutch Jews for transport to Nazi extermination camps and other concentration camps.
In 1939, the Dutch government erected a Central Refugee Camp near Westerbork. The first 22 refugees took up residence at the Camp in October 1939.
The Nazis took over the camp and turned it into a deportation camp. From this camp, 101,000 Dutch Jews and about 5,000 German Jews were deported to their deaths in Occupied Poland. In addition, there were about 400 Gypsies in the camp and, at the very end of the War, some 400 women from the resistance movement.
Anne Frank stayed in a hut in Westerbork from August until early September 1944, when she was taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau. She and her family were put on the first of the three final trains (the three final transports were most probably a reaction to the Allies' offensive) on 3 September 1944 for Auschwitz, arriving there three days later.
The Canadian 2nd Infantry Division liberated the several hundred inhabitants that were still at Westerbork on 12 April 1945.
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- Keywords: westerbork
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