- Title: Jordan Valley 001
The Jordan Valley forms part of the larger Jordan Rift Valley. Unlike most other river valleys, the term "Jordan Valley" often applies just to the lower course of the Jordan River, from the spot where it exits the Sea of Galilee in the north, to the end of its course where it flows into the Dead Sea in the south. In a wider sense, the term may also cover the Dead Sea basin and the Wadi Arabah or Arava valley, which is the Rift Valley segment beyond the Dead Sea and ending at Aqaba/Eilat, 155 km (96 mi) farther south.
The valley is a long and narrow trough, it is 105 km (65 mi) long with a width averaging 10 km (6.2 mi) with some points narrowing to 4 km (2.5 mi) over most of the course before widening out to a 20 km (12 mi) delta when reaching the Dead Sea. Due to meandering the length of the river itself is 220 km (140 mi). This is the deepest valley in the world, beginning at an elevation of −212 m (−696 ft) below sea level and terminating at an elevation lower than −400 m (−1,300 ft) below sea level. On both sides, to the east and west, the valley is bordered by high, steep, escarpments with the difference in elevation between the valley floor and the surrounding mountains varying between 1,200 m (3,900 ft) to 1,700 m (5,600 ft).
Over most of its length, the Jordan Valley forms the border between Jordan to the east, and Israel and the West Bank to the west. The details are regulated by the Israel–Jordan peace treaty of 1994, which establishes an "administrative boundary" between Jordan and the West Bank, occupied by Israel in 1967, without prejudice to the status of that territory. Israel has allocated 86% of the land, in the west bank portion of the valley, to Israeli settlements.
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- Keywords: Valley, Jordan
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